Over the past three decades, the global aquaculture industry has risen from obscurity to become a critical source of food for millions of people. In 1990, only 13 percent of world seafood consumption was farmed; by 2014, aquaculture was providing more than half of the fish consumed directly by human beings.

 The boom has made farmed fish like shrimp, tilapia and pangasius catfish – imported from countries such as Thailand, China and Vietnam – an increasingly common sight in European and North American supermarkets. As a result, much research on aquaculture has emphasized production for export.

This focus has led scholars to question whether aquaculture contributes to the food security of poorer people in producing countries. Many have concluded it does not. Meanwhile, the industry’s advocates often emphasize the potential for small-scale farms, mainly growing fish for home consumption, to feed the poor. Farms of this kind are sometimes claimed to account for 70 to 80 percent of global aquaculture production.

Aquaculture on the rise

Aquaculture on the rise.

Image: FAO

Have you ever been in any of these situations?

  •     I don’t have a master list of the information to track on my farm.
  •     I’m not sure if I’m making profit. I really can’t track my income and expenses.
  •     I understand that I need to keep records but cannot afford the services of an accountant because I’m small and still growing.
  •     I remember that I managed my farm disease sometimes ago, but I didn’t keep records. I don’t really know the types of records to keep.

A documentary about us